Registration of ‘Kumsa’ Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana ) Variety

  • Chemeda Birhanu Bako Agricultural Research Center
  • Kebede Dessalegn Bako Agricultural Research Center
  • Dagnachew Lule Oromia Agricultural Research Institute
  • Girma Chemeda Bako Agricultural Research Center
  • Geleta Geremew Bako Agricultural Research Center
  • Megersa Debela Bako Agricultural Research Center
  • Girma Mengistu Oromia Agricultural Research Institute
  • Gudeta Badada Bako Agricultural Research Center
  • Hailu Feyia Bako Agricultural Research Center
  • Bodena Gudisa Bako Agricultural Research Center
  • Megersa Kebede Bako Agricultural Research Center
  • Fufa Anbassa Bako Agricultural Research Center

Abstract

Kumsa is a brown-seeded finger millet (Eleusine coracana sub spp. coracana) variety. Its pedigree is designated by BKFM 0063 (1). It is a selection from fourteen genotypes obtained from the Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, which had been collected from western parts of the Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. Kumsa and other pipeline finger millet genotypes were evaluated against a standard check (Gute) for grain yield, disease reaction,
and other agronomic traits across two locations (Bako and Gute) for three consecutive years (2014-2016) during the main cropping seasons. Additive main effect and Multiplicative Interaction (AMMI), and Genotype and Genotype by Environment Interaction (GGI) biplot analysis showed that Kumsa is stable, disease tolerant, and high yielder (3.17 t ha-1) with 25.3% yield advantage over standard check Gute (2.53 t ha-1). Therefore, it was developed and released by Bako Agricultural Research Center for western Oromia and similar agroecological areas of Ethiopia in 2019.

Author Biographies

Chemeda Birhanu , Bako Agricultural Research Center

Bako Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 03, Bako, West Shoa, Ethiopia

Kebede Dessalegn, Bako Agricultural Research Center

Bako Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 03, Bako, West Shoa, Ethiopia

Dagnachew Lule, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute

Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Girma Chemeda , Bako Agricultural Research Center

Bako Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 03, Bako, West Shoa, Ethiopia

Geleta Geremew, Bako Agricultural Research Center

Bako Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 03, Bako, West Shoa, Ethiopia

Megersa Debela, Bako Agricultural Research Center

Bako Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 03, Bako, West Shoa, Ethiopia

Girma Mengistu, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute

Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Gudeta Badada, Bako Agricultural Research Center

Bako Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 03, Bako, West Shoa, Ethiopia

Hailu Feyia, Bako Agricultural Research Center

Bako Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 03, Bako, West Shoa, Ethiopia

Bodena Gudisa, Bako Agricultural Research Center

Bako Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 03, Bako, West Shoa, Ethiopia

Megersa Kebede, Bako Agricultural Research Center

Bako Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 03, Bako, West Shoa, Ethiopia

Fufa Anbassa, Bako Agricultural Research Center

Bako Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 03, Bako, West Shoa, Ethiopia

Published
2020-09-17

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eISSN: 1992-0407