Registration of ‘Kumsa’ Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana ) Variety
Kumsa is a brown-seeded finger millet (Eleusine coracana sub spp. coracana) variety. Its pedigree is designated by BKFM 0063 (1). It is a selection from fourteen genotypes obtained from the Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, which had been collected from western parts of the Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. Kumsa and other pipeline finger millet genotypes were evaluated against a standard check (Gute) for grain yield, disease reaction,
and other agronomic traits across two locations (Bako and Gute) for three consecutive years (2014-2016) during the main cropping seasons. Additive main effect and Multiplicative Interaction (AMMI), and Genotype and Genotype by Environment Interaction (GGI) biplot analysis showed that Kumsa is stable, disease tolerant, and high yielder (3.17 t ha-1) with 25.3% yield advantage over standard check Gute (2.53 t ha-1). Therefore, it was developed and released by Bako Agricultural Research Center for western Oromia and similar agroecological areas of Ethiopia in 2019.
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