Assessment of the living conditions of rural based people living with HIV/AIDS with clinical presentations in Nigeria

  • SA Olowookere
  • AA Fatiregun
  • SA Adebowale
  • OO Aluko
  • MMA Ladipo
  • IF Adewole

Abstract

Objective: To describe the living conditions of rural based people living with HIV/ AIDS (PLWHA) and their clinical presentations
Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study
Setting: University College Hospital, Ibadan
Subjects: PLWHA on anti-retroviral therapy
Results: One hundred and fifty PLWHA participated. The mean age of the respondents was 28.7±8.9 years. Majority of the respondents visited had advanced disease (97%), were poor (75%) and presented with opportunistic infections such as oral candidiasis (92%), chronic diarrhoea (70%) and pulmonary tuberculosis (46%). Majority were treated for malaria (72%) and anaemia (61%). All respondents lived in homes predisposed to these opportunistic infections. They drink unsafe water and had poor disposal of their domestic wastes.
Conclusion: PLWHA visited lived in homes that predispose them to various opportunistic infections. Improved living conditions and economic empowerment will improve the health conditions of PLWHA.
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eISSN: 0012-835X