Intermittent preventive treatment and bed nets uptake among pregnant women in Kenya

  • S.M. Karoki
  • L Kariuki
  • P.O. Owiti
  • K.C. Takarinda
  • W Kizito
  • J.K. Edwards
  • Omondi Ogutu
  • E Waqo


Background: Malaria in pregnancy is a preventable disease which results in poor pregnancy outcomes. The use of intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp) and long-lasting insecticide treated nets (LLINs) have been shown to reduce maternal malaria episodes.

Objectives: To describe i) The proportion receiving first and second dose (IPTp1 and 2) in malaria endemic zones, ii) proportion receiving IPTp 1 and 2 stratified by coast and lake endemic zones iii) proportion receiving LLINs, stratified by coastal and lake endemic zones.

Design: A retrospective descriptive study.

Setting: Lake and Coast region malaria endemic zones.

Subjects: Pregnant women.

Results: IPTp2 dose during an ANC revisit fell by 29% between 2012 and 2015, with 76% receiving an IPTp2 in 2012 and only 47% receiving it in 2015. More pregnant women in Coastal endemic areas received IPTp2 compared to Lake, with 88% versus 73% in 2012, and 53% versus 44% in 2015, respectively.There was steady increase in bed net usage from 69% and 54% in 2012 to 96% and 95% in 2015 for lake and coast endemic zones respectively. The uptake of LLINs was 15% higher in the lake region compared to the coastal endemic region in 2012 and significantly declined over the five years to 6%, 7% and 1% in 2013, 2014 and 2015, respectively.

Conclusion: Our study found that there has been a significant decline from 2012 through 2015, in the number of pregnant women in Kenya receiving recommended malaria prophylaxis in the regions of highest malaria burden. However, the coverage of LLIN has consistently improved over the same period.


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 0012-835X