The pathology of the eyelid at the University Hospital of Brazzaville
Background: The eyelids have two essential roles, protecting the eye from external attacks and ensure the drainage of tears through the nasolacrimal passages they shelter. Eyelids may be the site of many diseases.
Objective: To determine the main pathologies of eyelid in University Hospital of Brazzaville.
Design: Cross-sectional study.
Subjects: Records of patients seen for a disease of the eyelids.
Results: One hundred and twelve cases were studied. The pathologies found were: Trauma (40.18%), Infections (22.32%), Tumours (17.87%), Paralysis of III nerve(7,14%) Paralysis of VII nerve (6.25%), Myasthenia gravis (2.67% ), Steinert myopathy (2.67% ), Cryptophthalmos due to Fraser's syndrome (0.90% ). Domestic violence topped trauma (31 patients I 45). Infections were dominated by ophthalmic Zona (18 patients I 25) and two rare diseases, one case of North American blastomycosis and one case of post surgical eyelid gangrene. Basal cell carcinoma was the first cancer (11 patients I 20).
Conclusion: The pathologies of eyelid is rich and varied. In Brazzaville it is dominated by trauma and infections.