Effect of different biochemical parametres on Type 1 and Type 2 diabetics in Rabat District of Morocco
Background: Diabetes is a major public health problem and exposes people to serious complications
Objective: The objective of our work is to make a comparison of Biochemical and hematological parameters in type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients
Design: A retrospective clinical-laboratory study.
Setting: Laboratory biochemistry national institute of hygiene of Rabat, Morocco
Subjective: the studies were made at the biochemistry laboratory of the Hygiene institute of Rabat between June and August of the year 2019
Results: The study included 40 diabetic patients, including 8 patients with type 1 diabetes and 32 patients with type 2 diabetes. Our study found that the number of Type 2 diabetics (80%) is higher than that of Type 1 diabetics (20%), the number of women is greater than the number of men and the majority of Diabetic patients in our population are hypertensive (70%). Our results show that in type 2 diabetics the average levels of all the parameters are lower than those recorded in type 1 diabetics. While, total cholesterol and HDL found higher in type 2 diabetics than type 1 diabetics.
Conclusion: This study showed that total cholesterol, urea and creatinine increase with age, and people 60 to 75 are more at risk of bacterial infection, rheumatism, cardiovascular and kidney complications than other people. This study remains preliminary, it is therefore necessary to make an in-depth study on a larger population to detect the causes of diabetes for the purpose of raising awareness and reducing affected people all over the world.