Human endogenous retrovirus-R (ERV 3) env-like antigens expressed in baboon testes and epididymides
AbstractBackground: A substantial component of the vertebrate genome comprise of retrovirusrelated sequences named as endogenous retroviruses (ERVs). The role of these ERVrelated sequences in the biological processes of the host species is still unknown. However, they have been associated with tumourigenesis, autoimmune diseases and placental morphogenesis in primates.
Objective: To determine the expression of ERVs in male baboon reproductive tissues. Design: The testes and other reproductive tissues from sexually immature and mature male olive baboons (Papio anubis) were investigated for the expression of endogenous retrovirus-related particles. Immunohistochemical staining was performed using antibodies raised against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1/2, simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) and human ERVs. Biochemical properties were determined by western blot, and reverse transcriptase (RTase) activity in epididymal spermatozoa, ejaculate spermatozoa and seminal fluid was evaluated.
Setting: Institute of Primate Research, Nairobi, Kenya.
Results: ERV3 env-like antigens were detected on spermatogenic cells in mature baboon testes and on epididymal spermatozoa. Similarly, antigens cross-reactive with antibodies to HIV structural and envelope glycoproteins were expressed in mature and juvenile baboon testes. In addition, reverse transcriptase activity was detected in ejaculate spermatozoa, seminal fluid and epididymal spermatozoa.
Conclusion: These results indicate that retroviral-related genes were expressed in normal male baboon testes and spermatozoa, similar to humans. The functions of these ERVs in vertebrates remains unclear.
(East African Medical Journal: 2003 80(5): 264-270)