Effect of Spinal Anaesthesia on Hearing Threshold
Background: Hearing loss following spinal anaesthesia is a known yet uncommonly reported complication. This study was aimed at determining the incidence and type of hearing loss (HL) following spinal anaesthesia (SA) and the relationship with the size of spinal needle.
Methods: A prospective study of patients scheduled for spinal anaesthesia for surgery at the Operating room and Otorhinolaryngology department in a tertiary centre was undertaken. The audiometry was done and the pre- and post – anaesthesia results were compared.
Results: Ninety – four ears of 47 patients, 16 males and 31 females, age range between 21 and 63 years (mean + SD= 41± 5) were included. The duration of anaesthesia was between 90 and 150 minutes (mean ± SD= 116+9). HL was seen in 9 ears of 7 patients (15%) and tinnitus in 14 ears. The preoperative and postoperative BC PTA were 10 – 45dB (mean ± SD= 26± 5) and 25 – 65dB (mean ± SD=38±5) respectively, (P= 0.02) while the preoperative and postoperative AC PTA in the early frequency range (0-100Hz) were between 5 – 45dB (mean ± SD= 20± 5) and 25 – 50dB (mean ± SD=25±7) respectively, (P= 0.08). There was significant difference in the mean BC PTA between those who had procedure less than 1 hour, 37.2dB and those greater than 1 hour 38.4dB, (P=0.004). According to the Quincke needle sizes, the mean BC PTA among those who had 26G and 27G were 37.4dB and 38.1dB respectively (P=0.2).
Conclusion: HL complicating SA is significant and associated with duration of procedure thus should be included in informed consent for medico-legal and ethical reasons and measures must be taken to avoid the leak of cerebrospinal fluid.