Main Article Content
As of 1st of January 2005 there were 4696 registered cases of HIV in Kazakhstan. 31 of infected are children under 15 years, 12 of them are infected from the mother. The analysis and research of HIV/AIDS epidemic situation and prevention of a prenatal transmission of the HIV on territory of republic was held. Thus 311 cases of HIV - infected pregnant women had been carefully studied. And as the analysis has shown the number of pregnancy cases among HIV infected was growing from 2002 till 2004 and has compounded 253 cases, or 81,3 % from a total number. The coverage of the pregnant women by preventive treatment was expanded up to 70 %, however one-third of the women remained without preventive actions. Most children (78,4 %) born from HIV – infected mothers had pathology involving part of a central nervous system. The PCR method was found useful in early diagnosis of HIV – infection for children in Kazakhstan.