Seed-Business Oriented Demonstration Trials: An Efficient Option to Promote Tef (Eragrostis tef ) Varieties

  • Abate Bekele Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Ethiopia
  • Solomon Chanyalew Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Ethiopia
  • Tebkew Damte Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Ethiopia
  • Nigussu Husien Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Ethiopia
  • Worku Kebede Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Ethiopia
  • Kidist Tolosa Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Ethiopia
  • Yazachew Genet Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Ethiopia
  • Kebebew Assefa Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Ethiopia
  • Demeke Nigussie Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Dominik Klauser Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture, Basel, Switzerland
  • Zerihun Tadele Institute of Plant Sciences, University of Bern, Switzerland
Keywords: Lead farmers; Tef varieties; Seed yield; Tef straw; Production costs

Abstract

አህፅሮት

ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ ጤፍ (Eragrostis tef) ከ6.5 ሚሊዮን በሚበልጡ አነስተኛ አርሶ አደሮች ይመረታል፡፡ ሆኖም ግን የተሻሻሉ ቴክኖሎጂዎችና የምርጥ ዘር ተጠቃሚነት ውስን በመሆኑ የሰብሉ ምርታማነት ዝቅተኛ እንደሆነ ቀጥሏል፡፡ ስለሆነም አነስተኛ አርሶ አደሮች ጥራቱ ለጠበቀ የጤፍ አራቢ ዘር ያላቸውን ተደራሽነት ለመጨመር ዓላማ ያደረገ ጥናት በ254 መሪ አርሶ አደሮች ማሳ ላይ ተካሂዷል፡፡ በጥናቱም በቅርብ ጊዜ የተለቀቁ ሦስት አዳዲስ ዝርያዎች እና አንድ ቀደም ብሎ የተለቀቀ ዝርያ (ቦሰት) ተካተው ተገምግመዋል፡፡ ለእያንዳንዱ መሪ-አርሶ አደር የአራቱም ዝርያዎች ማለትም የኮራ፣ የተስፋ፣ የዳግም እና የቦሰት አራቢ ዘር  ተሰጥቷል፡፡ የአራቱ ዝርያዎች የዘር ምርት ተቀራራቢ (ኮራ = 1.94፣ ተስፋ = 2.31፣ ዳግም = 2.24 እና ቦሰት = 2.36 ቶን በሄክታር) ነበር፡፡ ጥናቱ በተካሄደባቸው ወረዳዎች ያለው የግብዓት ዋጋ እና የምርት ዋጋ እሳቤ ውስጥ ሲገባ የተገኘው አማካይ ያልተጣራ ገቢ 65,355.90 ብር በሄክታር ሲሆን አማካይ የማምረቻ ወጪው ደግሞ 26,355.52 ብር በሄክታር ነበር፡፡ ከማምረቻ ወጪዎች መካከል ለጉልበት የወጣው ወጪ ትልቁን ድርሻ ሲይዝ ከጠቅላላው ወጪ 58 በመቶ ድርሻ ነበረው፡፡ በአጠቃላይ የገቢ-ወጪ ምጣኔ 1.5 በመሆኑ የተሻሻለ የጤፍ ዝርያ ቴክኖሎጂ መጠቀም በጣም ትርፋማ እንደሆነ ጥናቱ መልክታል፡፡ ይህም በመሆኑ አዳዲስ የሚወጡ የጤፍ ዝርያዎችን ዘር አባዝቶ ለገብያ ማቅረብን ትኩረት ያደረገ የሰርቶ ማሳያ ስራ ቢሰራ ለአርሶ አደሮች ሳቢና አዋጭ ሆኖ ተገኝትዋል፡፡

 

ጠቋሚ ቃላት፡ መሪ አርሶ አደሮች፤ የጤፍ ዝርያዎች፤ የምርጥ ዘር ምርት፤ የጤፍ ጭድ፤ የምርት ዋጋ  

 

 

Abstract

Tef (Eragrostis tef) is extensively cultivated by over 6.5 million smallholder farmers in Ethiopia. However, the productivity of the crop remains low mainly due to the limited use of improved technologies including seeds. In this study, three recently released and one old (as a check) tef varieties were evaluated on 254 lead farmers’ fields with the main aim of increasing farmers’ access to quality breed seeds.Each lead farmer was provided with breeder seeds of four improved tef varieties, namely Kora, Tesfa, Dagim, and Boset.The seed yield from the four tef varieties were comparable (Kora = 1.94, Tesfa = 2.31, Dagim =2.24 and Boset = 2.36 t ha-1). Given the input and output prices that prevail in the selected districts, the mean revenue was 65,355.90 Birr ha-1 while the mean production cost was 26,355.52 Birr ha-1. Among production costs, labor took for the lion’s share as it contributed to 58% of the total cost.   In general, with a benefit-cost ratio of 1.5, our technology is highly profitable and attractive to farmers if newly released tef varieties are disseminated in the seed-business-oriented method.

 

Author Biographies

Abate Bekele, Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Ethiopia

 

Nigussu Husien, Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Ethiopia

 

 

Worku Kebede, Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Ethiopia

Kidist Tolosa1, Yazachew Genet1, Kebebew Assefa1,

Demeke Nigussie2, Dominik Klauser3 and Zerihun Tadele4

1Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Ethiopia;

2Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia;

3Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture, Basel, Switzerland

4Institute of Plant Sciences, University of Bern, Switzerland; E-mail: abatebekele98@gmail.com

Demeke Nigussie, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

 

Dominik Klauser, Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture, Basel, Switzerland

 

Zerihun Tadele, Institute of Plant Sciences, University of Bern, Switzerland

 

 

Published
2022-03-02

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2415-2382
print ISSN: 0257-2605