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Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management

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Adoption Of Irrigation And Its Consequences On Household Income In The Northern Ethiopia

Woldegebrial Zeweld, Assefa Hidgot, Gebresilassie Hailu

Abstract


An expansion of irrigation is among the priority areas in Ethiopia although farmers’ participation is below the expectations. This paper aims to identify factors that affect farmers’ decisions to use irrigation and also estimate its role in household income. The data is collected using standardised questionnaire and analysed it using the Heckman model. Household size, rural associations, markets, information access, extension services, and rural roads are found significant factors affecting farmers’ decisions to use irrigation. Income from irrigation has accounted for 38% of total income. Use of irrigation has a significant positive effect on household income. Thus, local associations and institutions should be empowered and rural services should be expanded to induce farmers to use irrigation thereby increases their income.

Key Words: Irrigation, income, Heckman model, Ethiopia




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