Rainfall Erosivity in Southeastern Nigeria
In developing land management plans to minimize erosion problem, it is imperative to provide quantitative information on aggressiveness of storms for identifying areas in the landscape which are sensitive to disturbances. The study established that rainfall erosivity (R) indices over Southeastern Nigeria range from very low to very high erosivity. Periods of very low erosivity coincided with the dry season months in the region while the very high R coincided with the rainy season peak periods (June-September). Calabar Owerri and Port-Harcourt recorded the highest erosive storms/ more months of very high erosivity index. The deterministic relationship between kinetic energy of rains and erosivity pattern observed for the different stations showed that erosive rains contribute significantly to detachment of soil materials in the study area. The need for proper land use management and maintenance of surface vegetal covers cannot be overemphasized with increased weather variability. Monitoring of hydrologic regime and climate –related factors in the region as well as defining areas most vulnerable to erosion would help in erosion disaster management.
Keywords: soil erosion, erosivity Index, land use management and rainfall