Dandy-Walker malformation is a rare congenital malformation and involves the cerebellum and fourth ventricle. The condition is characterized by agenesis or hypoplasia of the cerebellar vermis, cystic dilatation of the fourth ventricle, and enlargement of the posterior fossa. A large number of concomitant problems may be present, but the syndrome exists whenever these three features are found. Approximately 70-90% of patients have hydrocephalus, which often develops postnatally. Dandy-Walker malformation may be associated with atresia of the foramen of Magendie and, possibly, the foramen of Luschka.
Dandy-Walker malformation first was described by Dandy and Blackfan.1 Since the original description, additional studies have reported on the various morphologic features of the syndrome. Not until 1954 did Benda first emphasized that atresia of the cerebellar outlet foramina is not an essential feature of the condition and suggested the now widely accepted term Dandy- Walker malformation
Keywords: Cerebral Ventricles, cerebellum abnormalities, Dandy-Walker Syndrome
Egypt. J. Hum. Genet Vol. 8 (2) 2007: pp. 115-120