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Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences

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Adherence to Healthcare Waste Management Guidelines among Nurses and Waste Handlers in Thika Sub-county- Kenya

PM Njue, KS Cheboi, S Oiye

Abstract


BACKGROUND: Despite the set guidelines on Healthcare Waste Management in Kenya, mixing of  different categories of waste, crude dumping and poor incineration are still a common phenomenon in  public health facilities in Thika Subcounty, Kenya. Thika Subcounty generates 560 Kilograms of healthcare waste daily, which is risk to the many patients (admission rate of 26%). This may pose a potential  environmental risk and be a source of disease diffusion. This research explored the adherence to  healthcare waste management waste guidelines in health care facilities among the nurses and waste handlers.
METHODS: This was a cross sectional survey in which mixed methods were applied. A census and  proportionate random sampling method were used. Quantitative data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 20.0, while qualitative data was analyzed manually into  themes.
RESULTS: Full adherence to the seven waste disposal guidelines was low (16.3%). Knowledge on waste segregation, waste separation then disposal and means of transports were statistically significant in relation to adherence. The type of incinerator and burning status, protection maintenance and supply of adequate waste bins were also important to adherence level.
CONCLUSION: Adherence level was low (16.3%,) and insignificantly different among nurses and waste handlers. From this finding, compliance remains a key challenge. Strategies targeted at contextualizing waste regulations and guidelines into local settings are necessary and important. Policy makers may design and implement standard incinerators across all the health facilities. This study is not exhaustive; therefore, it is necessary to carry out a study linking poor treatment and disposal of clinical waste to purported health outcomes in Kenya.

KEY WORDS: Adherence, healthcare waste guidelines, nurses, waste handlers




http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ejhs.v25i4.2
AJOL African Journals Online