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Retained Fractured Fragment of A Central Venous Catheter: A Minimally Invasive Approach to Safe Retrieval

Mohammed Hamad
Reynu Rajan
Nik Kosai
Paul Sutton
Srijit Das
Hanafiah Harunarashid


BACKGROUND: Complication following fracture of a central venous catheter can be catastrophic to both the patient and the attending doctor. Catheter fracture has been attributed to several factors namely prolong mechanical force acting on the catheter, and forceful removal or insertion of the catheter.
CASE DETAILS: In the present case, the fracture was suspected during the process of removal. The tip of the catheter was notably missing, and an emergency chest radiograph confirmed our diagnosis of a retained  fracture of central venous catheter. The retained portion was removed by the interventional radiologist using an endovascular loop snare and delivered through a femoral vein venotomy performed by the surgeon.
CONCLUSION: Endovascular approach to retrieval of retained fractured catheters has helped tremendously to reduce associated morbidity and the need for major surgery. The role of surgery has become limited to  instances of failed endovascular retrieval and in remote geographical locations devoid of such specialty.

KEYWORDS: Central venous catheter, fracture, endovascular, interventional radiology