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Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences

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Knowledge, risk perception and practice regarding tuberculosis transmission among long distance bus drivers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: A cross sectional study

Tsegaye Tewelde Gebrehiwot, Fessahaye Alemseged Tesfamichael

Abstract


 Background: Window opening during bus transportation is recommended as a tuberculosis prevention strategy.Yet, drivers are affected by lack  knowledge and risk perception of passengers and assistants. Boosting  knowledge of and notifying the high risk of tuberculosis transmission for  every passenger could be too costly. However, strategies targeting bus  drivers as key agents unlike targeting all passengers might be less costly for window opening.

Method: Data were collected from November 18/2014 to December  21/2014 in inter-region bus stations of Addis Ababa using cross sectional study design. Samples of 306 participants were selected using simple  random sampling, and data were collected through face-to-face interview. Data were entered into Epi-data version 3.1 andanalyzed using IBM SPSS version 21.

Result: From a sample of 306 bus drivers, 303 were interviewed. Nine in ten and nearly half of participants believed in the need for opening all  windows and avoiding overcrowding of passengers as TB preventive  measures respectively. Few bus drivers (7.3%) believed that bus drivers and their assistants could be at risk of tuberculosis. The majority (85.7%) of bus drivers opened side window the whole day without precondition. Hearing tuberculosis related information from radio was a promoting factor for tuberculosis preventive measures among bus drivers.

Conclusion: Tuberculosis preventive practices and knowledge of bus  drivers seempositive (opportunities), despite their low risk perception  (challenge). Using the opportunity, further empowering bus drivers to  persuade passengers and assistants to open all the rest of the windows is  needed.

 

Keywords: Tuberculosis, Knowledge, prevention practices, bus drivers, Ethiopia




http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ejhs.v27i6.5
AJOL African Journals Online