Contextualizing Ottawa Charter Frameworks for Type 2 Diabetes Prevention: A Professional Perspective as a Review
BACKGROUND: Type 2 Diabetes remains one of the deadliest non-communicable diseases in the world. Systematically articulating the health issues with emerging policies is very important in preventing chronic diseases like diabetes. This article aims to integrate Ottawa Charter frameworks in prevention of Type 2 diabetes and the way the charter’s application should bring amicable changes if applied as planned.
METHOD: We used the aim of the study as a method derivative. Then, we applied the five actions of Ottawa Charter frameworks. We also described and stated the existing scientific literature (knowledge) about the prevention of diabetes. After thoroughly reviewing, possible intervention strategies were included with a brief discussion by comparing different literatures. In our case, diabetes prevention is facilitated by those actions and conditions.
EVIDENCE: Setting appropriate goals, lifestyle modifications, appropriate self-monitoring of blood glucose, medications, regular monitoring for complications, and laboratory assessment are important factors to be endorsed within Ottawa Charter five actions. Lifestyle interventions and physical activities are the most important factors recommended in different reviews and interventions. However, none of the studies had integrated disease prevention with existing policy.
CONCLUSION: Type 2 Diabetes directed health promotion interventions implemented in various countries were not integrated into Ottawa charter frameworks. As field experts, we believe that applying all the basic principles of health promotion and the idea of Ottawa Charter articulation is very important in disease prevention and behavioral change. Therefore, field specialists should figure out the problem of policy integration through policy evaluation researches.
KEYWORDS: Contextualizing, Diabetes, Health Promotion, Ottawa Charter