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BACKGROUND፡ Helicobacter Pylori is the most common cause of peptic ulcer disease with disputable association with perorated Peptic Ulcer disease (PPD). This study aims to determine magnitude of Helicobacter Pylori in PPD and the outcomes of treatment, at Saint Paul Hospital Millennium Medical College (SPHMMC)
METHOD: Between January 9, 2013 and February 7, 2018, all patients operated for PPD were recruited retrospectively. Data was extracted from patient’s medical records using pretested questionnaire. Data analysis was done by SPSS version 20
Result: During the 5 years, 46 patients fulfilling inclusion criteria were included in the study. H. Pylori test was positive for stool antigen in 10 (21.7%) and serology eleven (23.9 %) of patients. Overall, nineteen (41.3%) of patients had positive result regardless of the type of test used. Out of 46 patients, twenty-six (56.5%) patients were given eradication therapy and thirty-four (73.9%) patients were given PPI alone or as a part of eradication therapy. During their hospital stay, five (10.9%) patients developed deep and superficial surgical site infection and two (4.3%) of patients have died.
CONCLUSION: The prevalence of H. Pylori among PPD patients in this study is lower compared to most studies. Further prospective studies should be conducted in the future to understand association with H. Pylori and provide recommendations on eradication treatment.