Main Article Content

Frequency and Factors Associated with Orthostatic Hypotension in Individuals with Parkinson’s Disease: A Case-Control Observational Study

Abenet Tafesse Mengesha


BACKGROUND: Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is a common and considered the most incapacitating non-motor symptom of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Little is known about OH in Ethiopian PD patients. The objectives of the present study were to determine the frequency and factors associated with OH in individuals diagnosed with PD compared to a healthy control.

Methods: A multi-center case-control observational study was conducted. A total of 53 PD cases and 53 age and sex matched healthy controls were included. Both descriptive and Chi-square proportional statistical analysis were used.

RESULTS: The mean age distribution was comparable between the two study groups (61.9 vs. 59.9 years). Distribution of male gender was comparable between PD and control groups (71.7% vs. 67.9%). Nearly all the individuals diagnosed with PD were on levodopa treatment, and close to half of them were on anticholinergic drugs. Hypertension was the commonest comorbid disorder in both groups. The prevalence of orthostatic hypotension was higher in PD patients (22.6%) compared to the control group (9.4%). The proportion of constipation (p=0.007), urinary urgency (p=0.007), and nocturia (p<0.0001) was significantly higher among Parkinson’s disease patients compared to the healthy control group. Falls and excessive sweating were only reported by PD patients.

CONCLUSION: The present study shows the frequency of orthostatic hypotension in Ethiopian Parkinson’s disease patients is comparable to other regions. The presence of constipation, urinary urgency, and nocturia was associated with Parkinson’s disease compared to the control group.

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2413-7170
print ISSN: 1029-1857