Hen’s egg white hypersensitivity among a group of Egyptian atopic children

  • S M Reda
  • D H El- Ghoneimy
  • A E Shehab
  • E A Mohammed
Keywords: Egg allergy, children, skin prick test

Abstract

Background: Egg allergy is potentially life-threatening. The prevalence
of egg allergy in Egypt is still unclear. This study is to evaluate the
frequency of egg hypersensitivity in a group of Egyptian atopic children.
Methods: Eighty allergic children were enrolled, each is subjected to
clinical evaluation, skin prick testing (SPT) using a commercial egg
white extract, and serum egg white specific IgE (SpIgE) estimation. Six
patients with suspected egg allergy consent to perform open oral egg
challenge. Results: Twenty-eight patients had history of exacerbation of
their allergic diseases upon exposure to egg white, of these patients, 8
had negative SPT and serum egg white SpIgE. SPT was positive in 25
(31.2%) patients, of these patients, 3 (4%) were +3, 22 (28%) were +2,
of whom 5 patients tolerate eggs without adverse effects. Serum egg
white SpIgE was positive in 19 (24%) patients with a mean of 0.81 IU/ml
(range: 0.35-4.52 IU/ML). Egg white allergy based on positive history,
positive SPT and/or egg white SpIgE was detected in 23 (28.8%)
patients. Open oral egg challenge was positive in one patient with
positive history but negative tests giving an overall frequency of egg
allergy of 30 % (n=24).While egg white SpIgE did not correlate with the
ages, positive SPT was significantly more frequent among younger
patients (t= 1.7, p=0.02). Egg sensitization and allergy did not affect the
severity of asthma (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Although positive SPT/ serum
specific IgE to eggs are good tools for diagnosis, oral food challenge
remains the gold standard in suspected cases. Further wide-scale studies
are needed to outline the real prevalence of egg allergy in Egypt.

Keywords: Egg allergy; children; skin prick test.

Published
2014-07-25
Section
Articles

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