Community Based Flood Risk Management Approach in Northeastern Uganda

  • Muhamud Nabalegwa Wambede Department of Geography & Social Studies, Kyambogo University, Uganda
  • Robert Tweheyo Department of Sociology and Social Administration, Kyambogo University, Uganda
Keywords: Disasters, Communities, Managed, Risk reduction, Preparedness, Response and Recovery

Abstract

This study was conducted in the Amuria district of Northeastern Uganda. The aim of the study was to assess
the performance of Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction (CMDRR) approach in mitigating disaster
effects in the area. The objectives were to assess the effectiveness of community preparedness, response, and
recovery efforts in mitigating disasters in the study area. Aberilela and Wera sub-counties were purposively
selected, and two parishes were chosen from each of the two sub counties based on their vulnerability to flood
disasters. A sample of 300 household heads were randomly selected. Methods of data collection included
questionnaires, in-depth interviews with key informants, focus group discussions, observation, and documents
review. The collected data were analysed using descriptive statistics and triangulated with thematic analysis
of the data from interviews and field observations. Results from the study indicate that the CMDRR approach
had performed well despite some shortcomings. The approach had been able to prepare the community by
training them in disaster management activities, developing hazard prone maps, disaster plans, established
effective rescue measures and other response measures for the affected communities. However, it had failed
in building capacity among the communities to stock essential services including food, early warning systems
and in detecting and predicting disaster as well as building gender and age balanced capacity in the
communities. Overall, the performance of CMDRR committees in Amurai and particularly Abarilela and
Wera sub-counties was above average. The study recommends that government should adopt this approach
and replicate it in other disaster-prone areas for effective disaster management.

Published
2022-08-11
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2821-8892
print ISSN: 0855-9414