Socio-Economic Background of Households and the implication for Housing Choices in Urban Ghana

  • Simon Boateng Social Sciences Department, St. Monica’s College of Education, P.O. Box MA250, Asante-Mampong, Ghana
  • Divine Odame Appiah Department of Geography and Rural Development, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, PMB, Kumasi-Ghana.
  • Daniel Buor Department of Geography and Rural Development, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, PMB, Kumasi-Ghana
Keywords: housing choices, socio-economic background, compound house, flat/apartment, semidetached house

Abstract

This study examines the linkages between the socio-economic background of households and their housing
choices in the urban enclaves of Ghana. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 900 participants
from the study areas. Questionnaire was used to glean data from the participants. Pearson correlation and
multinomial logistic regression were used to estimate the level of association between socio-economic
characteristics of households and their housing choices. The study found that the choice of housing type was
significantly associated with sex (χ2=56.004, p<0.001), education level (χ2=238.895, p<0.001), marital status
(χ2=28.871, p<0.001), occupation (χ2=202.110, p<0.001), monthly income (χ2=275.682, p<0.001), location
of household (χ2=46.112, p<0.001) but not household size (χ2=18.642, p=0.42), age (χ2=10.229, p=0.113)
and religion (χ2=10.361, p=0.110) of the household head. The multinomial logistic regression estimates that
household heads with no formal education compared to household heads with master degree are .055
(p<.001) times less likely to live in a detached/semi-detached house compared to compound house. The study
reiterates the importance of having an informed policy on neighbourhood design and development,
particularly when designing houses for people of particular socio-economic and cultural backgrounds.

Published
2022-08-11
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2821-8892
print ISSN: 0855-9414