Quasi-steady state thermal performances of a solar air heater with two absorber
Quasi-steady state thermal performance of a solar air heater with a combined absorber is studied. The whole energy balance equations related to the system were articulated as a linear system of temperature equations. Solutions to this linear system were assessed from program based on an iterative process. The mean temperature variation with time and the thermal performance parameters were deduced from simulation outputs. Simulations were performed for typical days of the twelve months of the year. Results show maximum values of mean temperatures at solar noon ranging between: 78°C and 87°C for the cover, 102°C and 114 °C for the absorber 61°C to 67°C. Experimental and simulated results correlate well for hours before solar noon (with R²≈0.988) and show some discrepancies for hours after solar noon. These differences were related to the neglect of heat capacity effects in the model. Experimental and calculated solar heater efficiencies at solar noon approached respectively about 62 and 61%. The removal factor FR and the efficiency factor F’ calculated were respectively 0.4 and 0.33, whereas the values assessed from experiments were respectively 0.79 and 0.63. This model allowed predicting the collector performances and is more suitable for hours before solar noon.
Keywords: Quasi-steady state, solar air heater, combined absorber, modeling, experiment