Wildlife species diversity indices and seasonal distribution assessment in road-side markets of South-west Nigeria

  • M. O. Mustafa Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Federal College of Forest Resources Management, Ishiagu, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
  • O. A. Lawal Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria
  • O. O. Fafioye Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria
  • A. A. Aladesida Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria
  • F. B. Olowoyo Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Federal College of Forest Resources Management, Ishiagu, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
  • J. Q. Nwachukwu Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Humid Forest Research Station, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria
  • A. N. Ejizu Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Humid Forest Research Station, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria
  • C. C. Nwachukwu Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria
  • C. O. Ezekwe Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Humid Forest Research Station, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria
  • O. O. Ovuike Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Federal College of Forest Resources Management, Ishiagu, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
  • R. A. Ugwu Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Humid Forest Research Station, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria

Abstract

Wildlife species are under serious exploitation by the rural populace in Nigeria because hu­man beings have understood their ecology. The need to update the existing knowledge of wildlife population is therefore essential. Twenty-three games markets along five Roads in South-west Nigeria were visited to document the wildlife displayed for sale. Two hundred and fifty copies of structured questionnaire were administered using systematic random sampling (odd) method for wildlife species information from market stakeholders. Direct method was counting for species and their numbers. Data generated were analysed through Species Diver­sity Indices Assessment. All emergent species were compared with International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) abundance rating. Road seasonal distribution of the marketed wildlife was determined by percentages, standard deviation, standard error of mean, mean differences, t-test, and tests of significance and Diversity Indices. Results revealed that 69,398 wild animals were displayed. Also more wildlife were sold during rainy than dry seasons. Appropriate recommendations of government sensitization of rural and urban settlers against over-utilization of wildlife resources, encouragement of the public towards animal domesti­cation and others were made.

Published
2021-07-15
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 0855-1448