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Residency training in Ghana: the residents’ perspective

Merley A Newman-Nartey
Nii Otu Nartey
Kwabena G Amoah
Victoria A Buckman
Thomas A Ndanu
Alexander A Oti Achempong


Background: Prior to 1973, West African citizens completed postgraduate medical and surgical training abroad, particularly in the United Kingdom. In 2003, the Ghana College of Physicians and Surgeons were established respectively and began to offer specialized training locally. The aim of this study was to obtain and evaluate the views of Medical and Surgical Residents of the GCPS on their training in Ghana.

Method: A descriptive cross-sectional study was undertaken whereby a 25 item, self-administered questionnaire, was distributed to 170 residents of Korle Bu and Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospitals in Ghana. Information regarding the residents’ sociodemographic characteristics, level of residency, and satisfaction with the programs in terms of clinical supervision, didactic teaching, program duration and research training was collected.

Results: 117 residents completed the survey, yielding a response rate of 68.8%. 59.8% were males and 40.2% females. The age of the residents ranged from 25 to 40 years with a mean age of 32.7+1.4 years. Majority of residents (92.3%) were satisfied with the duration of the programs . Slightly more than half of the residents (50.4%) were satisfied with the clinical supervision, however only a third of the respondents (33.3%) were satisfied with the didactic teaching and an even smaller percentage (17.1%) with research training.

Conclusion: Whilst majority of residents were satisfied with the duration of the residency program, the perspective of the respondents was that trainees would benefit from additional didactic teaching and increased research exposure.

Funding: None

Keywords: Medical, Surgical, Residency, Graduate, Training, Ghana