Factors contributing to road crashes among commercial vehicle drivers in the Kintampo North Municipality, Ghana in 2017

  • Samuel A. Poku College of Health and Well-Being, Kintampo, Bono East Region, Ghana
  • Delia A. Bandoh School of Public Health, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, Ghana
  • Ernest Kenu School of Public Health, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, Ghana
  • Emma E. Kploanyi School of Public Health, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, Ghana
  • Adolphina A. Addo- Lartey School of Public Health, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, Ghana
Keywords: commercial drivers; road crashes; vehicle; road signs; traffic light signal

Abstract

Objective: The study assessed driver, vehicular and road-related factors associated with road crashes (RC) in the Kintampo North Municipality.
Design: Cross-sectional study
Setting: Kintampo North Municipality
Data source: Demographics, vehicular and road usage information on registered drivers at Ghana Private Road and Transport Union (GPRTU) and Progressive Transport Owners Association (PROTOA) in Kintampo North Municipality
Main outcome: involvement in road crashes and related factors
Result: A total of 227 drivers were approached for this study. None of them declined participation. They were all males. Most were between 28-37 years (30%). The proportion of drivers that reported RC ever involvement in at least one RC was 55.5% (95% CI: 8.0%, 62.1%). In the bivariate analysis, drink and drive changed lane without signalling, ever bribed police officer, drove beyond the maximum speed limit, paid a bribe at DVLA for driving license, violation of traffic signals were found to be associated with RC involvement (p<0.05). Drivers who violated traffic signals had 2.84 odds of being involved in road crashes compared to those who did not [aOR; 2.84 (95%CI:1.06,7.63)]
Conclusion: The proportion of drivers ever involved in road crashes was high. The major factor that is associated with RC involvement was a violation of the traffic light signals. Continuous driver education and enforcement of road traffic regulations by the appropriate authorities could curb the road crash menace in the Municipality.
Keywords: commercial drivers, road crashes, vehicle, road signs, traffic light signal
Funding: The authors funded this work.

Published
2020-09-30
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN:
print ISSN: 0016-9560