Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of the first cohort of COVID-19 recoveries at two national treatment centres in Accra, Ghana

  • Dr Benedict N.L. Calys-Tagoe Department of Community Health, University of Ghana Medical School (UGMS), College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana
  • Christian Owoo National COVID-19 Treatment Centre, University of Ghana Medical Centre (UGMC), Accra
  • Joseph A. Oliver-Commey National COVID-19 Treatment Centre, Ga East Municipal Hospital, Ghana Health Service (GHS)
  • Ebenezer Oduro- Mensah National COVID-19 Treatment Centre, Ga East Municipal Hospital, Ghana Health Service (GHS)
  • Lawrence Ofori-Boadu National COVID-19 Treatment Centre, Ga East Municipal Hospital, Ghana Health Service (GHS)
  • Evelyn Adjei-Mensah Department of Community Health, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana
  • Ernest Kenu Department of Epidemiology and Disease Control, School of Public Health, University of Ghana
  • Ali Samba Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology Department, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana
  • Alfred E. Yawson Department of Community Health, University of Ghana Medical School (UGMS), College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana
  • Margaret Lartey Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Ghana Medical School, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Accra
Keywords: COVID-19, Ghana, Clinical Characteristics, Recovery, Coronavirus

Abstract

Introduction COVID-19 is a new disease, knowledge on the mode of transmission and clinical features are still evolving, new tests are being developed with inherent challenges regarding interpretation of tests results. There is generally, a gap in knowledge on the virus globally as the pandemic evolves and in Ghana, there is dearth of information and documentation on the clinical characteristics of the virus. With these in mind, we set out to profile the initial cohort of COVID-19 patients who recovered in Ghana.

Methods: We reviewed clinical records of all confirmed cases of COVID-19 who had recovered from the two main treatment centres in Accra, Ghana. Descriptive data analysis was employed and presented in simple and relational tables. Independent t-test and ANOVA were used to determine differences in the mean age of the sexes and the number of days taken for the first and second retesting to be done per selected patient characteristics.


Results: Of the 146 records reviewed, 54% were male; mean age of patients was 41.9 ± 17.5 years, nearly half were asymptomatic, with 9% being severely ill. The commonest presenting symptoms were cough (22.6%), headache (13%) and sore throat (11%) while the commonest co-morbidities were hypertension (25.3%), diabetes mellitus (14%) and heart disease (3.4%).

Conclusion: COVID-19 affected more males than females; nearly half of those infected were asymptomatic. Cough, headache and sore throat were the commonest symptoms and mean duration from case confirmation to full recovery was 19 days. Further research is required as pandemic evolves

Published
2020-12-31

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print ISSN: 0016-9560