Clinical characteristics of COVID-19 patients admitted at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana

  • Patrick Adjei Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Ghana Medical School, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana
  • Jane Afriyie-Mensah Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Ghana Medical School, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana
  • Vincent J. Ganu Department of Medicine, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana
  • Peter Puplampu Department of Medicine, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana
  • Bismark Opoku-Asare Department of Medicine, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana
  • Klenam Dzefi-Tettey Department of Radiology, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana
  • Maame-Boatemaa Amissah-Arthur Department of Medicine, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana
  • Kenneth Tachi Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Ghana Medical School, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana
  • Vincent Boima Department of Medicine, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana
  • Dzifa Dey Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Ghana Medical School, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana
  • Joseph Akamah Department of Medicine, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana
  • Albert Akpalu Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Ghana Medical School, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana
  • Josephine Akpalu Department of Medicine, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana
  • Phillip Amoo Public Health Unit, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana
  • Elom Otchi Public Health Unit, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana
  • Kissinger Marfoh Public Health Unit, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana
  • Adwoa Agyei-Nkansah Department of Medicine, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana
Keywords: COVID-19, hospitalized, symptoms, complications, screening, pneumonia

Abstract

Design: Study design was a retrospective single-center review of hospital data.
Setting: The study was conducted at the COVID-19 Treatment Center of the Department of Medicine and Therapeutics of the Korle-Bu Teaching hospital in Accra, Ghana.
Participants and study tools: A total of fifty patients with laboratory (rRT-PCR) confirmed COVID-19 infection were involved in the study. A chart review of the medical records of the patients was conducted and the data obtained was documented using a data extraction form.
Results: The median age was 53 years and most (36% (18/50)) of the patients were at least 60 years of age. Eighty percent (40/50) of the patients were symptomatic, with cough and difficulty in breathing being the commonest presenting symptoms. The mean duration of hospitalization was 12.3 ± 7.3 days. Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus were the commonest co-morbidities occurring in 52% (26/50) and 42% (21/50) of patients respectively. Fifty percent of patients developed COVID-19 pneumonia as a complication. The mortality rate was 12% (6/50).
Conclusion: In this study, SARS-CoV2 infection affected older adults with hypertension and diabetes mellitus being the common comorbidities. Patients with these comorbid conditions should be counselled by their clinicians to strictly observe the COVID-19 prevention protocols to reduce their risk of acquiring the infection. There is a need to pay critical and prompt attention to the management of patients with COVID-19 pneumonia particularly among people with diabetes to improve outcomes.

Published
2020-12-31

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print ISSN: 0016-9560