Profit Efficiency in Poultry Production in Peri-Urban Lagos, Nigeria
The study was conducted to determine the profit efficiency of poultry production in four peri-urban Local Government Areas in Lagos state. A total of ninety-six poultry farms involved in the survey were selected using a two-stage sampling technique. An average farmer in the sample was 40 years old; 85% were males and 84% had tertiary education. Most poultry farm in the sample had flock size that range between 500 and 2500. Prices of all the variable inputs significantly influence the profit of poultry farms while that of fixed inputs have no significant effect. The result indicates that the poultry farmers are not fully profit efficient. The mean efficiency estimated was 72 percent indicating that there was a 23 percent allowance to improve efficiency. Furthermore, the result shows that gender, family farm, finance, number of broilers and fulltime employment are the determinants of profit (technical and allocative) efficiency.
Key Words: Poultry, Production, Profit, Efficiency, Nigeria