Application of the anomic theory on the phenomenon of disengagement lethargy in the Imo state public service, Nigeria
Anomie is used in sociology to describe a condition where the norms and values of a society or an institution are in flux or even partially destroyed. The public service is the most potent organ for the implementation of the policies and programmes of government. It is operated based on rules and regulations, which the public servants are conversant with. In spite of these rules and regulation, there are cases of infringements by public servants, the custodians of these rules especially with respect to the fear of voluntary disengagement. This study sets out to find out if the phenomenon of disengagement lethargy exists in the public service in Imo state, as such is a serious misconduct. The anomic theory was used to explicate its prevalence. It also looked at the causes and concomitant effects and probable remedy. The study which is essentially library research and explorative, observes that disengagement lethargy is prevalent in Imo State public service. It is caused by the over weaning ambition of some individuals, the harsh economic environment, and the erosion of the authority of regulatory instruments and apparati. In view of our findings, we recommend that public service in Imo state should be re-organized. We also recommend the re-orientation of the public servants and reappraisal of the regulatory instruments and apparati. It is only through these measures that the public service can be rescued from its slide to anomic conditions.
Keywords: Disengagement, Retirement, Lethargy, Anomie, Public and Civil service
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