Rationalization in the Nigerian Public Service: Implications for Cross River State Workers Morale and Productivity
AbstractRationalization in the Nigerian Public Service is a policy of government to purge the system of workers whose productivity is below expectations. Thus, it is a structural reform strategy for the interest of executing government's policy. Such policy rather than improving the productivity drive of the public service has resulted in the lack of commitment as far as workers' morale and productivity are concerned. This study therefore assessed the effect of rationalization in the Nigerian Public Service using Cross River State Civil service as a case study. Data generated for the study were sourced from 308 public servants from selected ministries and parastatals in the Cross River State Civil Service using structured questionnaire. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used in the analysis and presentation of data. Results showed that rationalization in public service significantly and negatively correlated with workers' productivity drive (r = -0.54; r critical = 0.11; P < 0.05). The analysis also posits that job security positively and significantly correlated with workers' morale (r = 0.35; r critical = 0.11; P < 0.05), and that there is a significant difference between management and workers' perception of the effect of rationalization on workers' morale (r = 0.25; r critical = 0.11). In view of the negative effect of rationalization, the paper recommends that there is need for appropriate legislation in the execution of policy of rationalization to avoid reckless and erratic process. Key Words: Rationalization, Policy, Workers' Morale, Productivity, Public Service
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