International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology

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Load frequency control of three area interconnected hydro-thermal reheat power system using artificial intelligence and PI controllers

Surya Prakash, S.K. Sinha


This paper present analysis on dynamic performance of Load Frequency Control (LFC) of three area interconnected hydrothermal reheat power system by the use of Artificial Intelligent and PI Controller. In the proposed scheme, control methodology developed using conventional PI controller, Artificial Neural Network (ANN) and Fuzzy Logic controller (FLC) for three area interconnected hydro-thermal reheat power system. In this paper area-1 and area-2 consists of thermal reheat power plant whereas area-3 consists of hydro power plant. In this proposed scheme, the combination of most complicated system like hydro plant and thermal plant with reheat turbine are interconnected which increases the nonlinearity of the system. The performances of the controllers are simulated using MATLAB/SIMULINK package. A comparison of PI controller, Fuzzy controller and ANN controller based approaches shows the superiority of proposed ANN based approach over Fuzzy and PI for same conditions. To enhance the performance of PI, Fuzzy and neural controller sliding surface is included. The simulation results also tabulated as a comparative performance in view of settling time and peak over shoot.

Keywords: Load Frequency Control (LFC), Fuzzy Logic Controller, ANN Controller, PI controller, Area Control Error (ACE), Tie-line, MATLAB / SIMULINK

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