Erosive investigation of various erosion models for vibro cleaner developed based on ultrasonic technique using COMSOL multiphysics

  • Vipulkumar Rokad
  • Divyang H. Pandya
Keywords: Pressure acoustic transient, Erosion rate, Piezoelectric transducer, Cavitation erosion effect, COMSOL Multiphysics.


The ability of ultrasound to produce highly controlled erosion phenomenon was investigated and various erosion models have been compared by considering various parameters. In cleaning industry, Vibro Cleaner (VC) has been used to remove contaminations from the surface of metal components. This process is most preferable to out of reach or critical surface of the objects. The novelty of this research is to compare various erosion models and to identify appropriate model for ultrasonic cleaning application to get meaningful results of metal removal rate. The computational model of Vibro Cleaner has been developed using pressure acoustic transient in COMSOL Multiphysics software. Acoustic and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modules have been coupled together to investigate erosion rate. In acoustic approach, acoustic pressure and sound pressure level have been studied by means of piezoelectric transducer through tank wall transience. In CFD approach, Bubbly fluid flow has been applied to get turbulence in acoustic streaming. Also, particle tracing has been coupled to understand the particle trajectories and motion of fluid flow. Erosion terms are also introduced at a surface of metal parts which need to be clean. The Erosion rate has been evaluated by using cavitation erosion phenomenon in which cavitation bubbles strike and implode over the metal surface and clean the dirt, dust, oil and other contaminations. Various Erosion models like Finnie, E/CRC, Oka and Det Norske Veritas (DNV) have been studied and results have been compared to identify appropriate erosion model towards the ultrasonic cleaning application by considering 28 kHz frequency and PZT-4 piezoelectric transducer. Comparative study leads to conclude that the Finnie erosion model have given stringent results as compare to other erosion model.



Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2141-2839
print ISSN: 2141-2820