Lateralization pattern in patients with Schizophrenia and Depression

  • B Bhushan Department of Humanities & Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur-208016, India
  • A Prakash
  • R Gupta


The objective of this study was to see the incidence of peripheral laterality in schizophrenics and depressed patients. A total of 147 male subjects (29 schizophrenics, 38 depressed, 80 non-patient controls) were asked to indicate their preferences for hand, foot, eye, and ear on the Sidedness Bias Schedule. The correlations among the laterality quotients (LQ) in all the three groups were positive and highly significant except the foot-eye correlation in the non-patient controls. The left and mixed-handed schizophrenics and depressed subjects exhibited extreme left and mixed preference for foot, eye, and ear, respectively. Hand and ear preferences emerged as the predictors of schizophrenia and depression in the logistic regression analysis. The findings indicate a possible relationship between psychopathology and extreme left-mixed dominance.

Keywords: Peripheral laterality; Schizophrenia; Depression

Internet Journal of Medical Update Vol. 3 (2) 2008: pp. 13-21

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1694-0423