Ilorin Journal of Religious Studies

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Trends in dacwah activities in Ilorin: an appraisal of the Jabata group

Abdulwahab Danladi Shittu, Abimbola Ridwanullah Idowu


The city of Ilorin has influenced many cities in southern Nigeria so much so that the history of Islam in this region may not be complete without mentioning the Ilorin factor. This glory is credited to the effort of early scholars who were subtle in their call to Islam. Generations after them followed suit in the aspect of objectives and styles of dacwah (call to Islam) until recently when a group called 'the Jabata group' adopted a dacwah method that is diametrically opposed to the existing dacwah method of the community. This group does not only condemn the existing methods but equally accuses the predecessors in the field of dacwah of heresy and non sincerity of purpose. It is to this background that this work examined the methods and doctrines of the Jabata group, with a view to identifying the relevance and efficiency of the new method and style to the growth of Islam and the unity of Muslim community in Nigeria. The study is descriptive in respect of the new method, and comparative in terms of comparing both the old and the new methods. Findings of the work revealed that the teachings of the Jabata group are not only against the established and accepted culture of the people but also a threat to the unity of the Nigerian Muslim community in particular and the Nigerian nation in general. It is therefore recommended that the Muslim community should monitor the activities of the group so that it does not constitute a threat to the peace of the community under the pretext of freedom of religion, especially at a time when terrorism is rearing its ugly head in some parts of the country.

Keywords: Ilorin, Jabata, Dacwah, Sunnah, Khawārij

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