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Local farmers' approach to soil conservation: Lessons from Nigeria

O D Kowalowe


This paper explores the indigenous knowledge systems (IKS) approaches to soil conservation
in Nigeria. It specifically identifies various indigenous/local and modern methods
employed in the process of utilizing an integrated approach to soil conservation by all
stakeholders (local farmers, governmental and non-governmental organisations) to
preserve the structures, water and nutrient retention and augmentation of the soil. It also
reports some crucial factors associated with the utilisation of indigenous knowledge
systems for soil fertility conservation by farmers. The article further presents a conceptual
framework on the interrelationship between culture and the development and utilisation of
local knowledge by the grassroots people. The current global campaign for the preservation
of knowledge systems and the use of low-external input to stem environmental
degradation inform the emphases on the need to build or improve on existing local knowledge
in order to enhance meaningful and sustainable development.

Keywords: Indigenous knowledge systems, soil conservation, soil fertility,
indigenous approach.

Indilinga Vol. 5 (1) 2006: pp. 75-86