Evaluating the effect of mobility speed on the performance of three handover algorithms in long term evolution networks
This work uses NS3 simulation to study the effect of mobility speed on the performance of three handover algorithms in Long Term Evolution (LTE) Networks. A realistic multi-cell LTE network was set up using NS3 simulation software. Mobility models were used to vary the location of the User Equipment (UE), hence triggering handover events across the network. The performance was measured using Signal Interference Noise Ratio (SINR) and number of completed handovers. Result revealed that at a speed between the ranges of 0 – 3 km/h, the Integrative algorithm performed best while at 4 – 60km/h, the performance of the A3RSRP algorithm was the best with an average value of 95dB. Also, at an increased speed within the range of 60 – 120 km/h, the Integrative algorithm had a slightly better performance than the A3RSRP. However, at a speed above 120 km/h, the integrative algorithm performed best with an SINR of 120dB. In terms of completed handovers, the Integrative algorithm had the least number of completed handovers throughout the entire range of considered speeds. Thus, we establish that mobility speed has a significant effect on the performance of handover algorithms.
Keywords: LTE handover, LTE UE Speed, Integrative Algorithm, Power Budget Algorithm