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Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management

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Effects of Brinkman number on thermal-driven convective spherical Dynamos

MI Ngwueke, TM Abbey

Abstract


Brinkman number effects on the thermal-driven convective spherical dynamos are studied analytically. The high temperature of the Earth’s inner core boundary is usually conducted by the viscous, electrically conducting fluid of the outer core to the core mantle boundary as the Earth
cools. The problem considers conducting fluid motion in a rapidly rotating spherical shell. The consequence of this exponential dependence of viscosity on temperature is considered to be a thermaldriven convective phenomenon. A set of constitutive non-linear equations were then formulated in which the solutions for the flow variables were obtained by perturbation technique. The results illustrate enhancement of dynamo actions, demonstrating that magnetic field generation with time is
possible. Moreover, the increased magnetic Prandtl number Pm with high Brinkman number shows dynamo actions for fixed Rayleigh and Taylor number values. The overall analyses succour our understanding of Earth’s magnetic field generation mechanism often envisaged in the Earth’s planetary interior.



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