Use integrated management of childhood illnesses guidelines: a need for adaptation for use in Ghindae hospital, Eritrea

  • A Kebedom
  • T Teclebirhan
  • W Beyene
  • J Mufunda
  • A Gebremicheal

Abstract

Background: Diarrheal diseases are among the commonest causes of morbidity and mortality among infants and young children in the developing world and most commonly in the sub-Saharan including Eritrea. Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI) is a strategy developed by UNICEF and WHO for developing countries and other resource poor countries currently being practiced in Africa, Asia, and South America. IMCI guidelines are simplified system of diagnosis and treatment that is designed for use by health workers with limited training and little or no laboratory support. According to this guideline bloody diarrhea is treated with ORS, additional fluid support and cotrimoxazole empirically with the assumption that the etiologic agent is shigella. If the child does not improve on follow up then metronidazole is added with the assumption that the etiologic agent is parasitic mainly amoeba and giardia. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the use of IMCI guidelines in children presenting with diarrhea at Ghindae Hospital. Methods: The study was a prospective in which all children below the age of 5 years, who presented primarily with all forms of diarrhea during the one month period from June 1st 2008 to June 30 2008, were included in the study. All stool samples were subjected to laboratory analysis. Results: Eighty seven children who presented with all forms of diarrhea to the IMCI OPD or as IPD were included in the study. More than 50% of the cases had parasitic infestation mainly Amoeba and Giardia. Less than 5% of the children presented with mild or severe dehydration. The majority (92%) of the cases had no dehydration had diarrhea with no dehydration. Conclusion: In Ghindae community there is a justification for use of metronidazole as a first line treatment of bloody diarrhea, because of the preponderance of parasitic infestation instead of bacterial causes for the majority of cases of children presenting with diarrhea, a clear need for adaptation of IMCI
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eISSN: 1998-6017
print ISSN: 1998-6017