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Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research

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Awareness and knowledge of prostate cancer among men in Benin City, Nigeria

JO Agbugui, EO Obarisiagbon, CO Nwajei, EO Osaigbovo, JC Okolo, AO Akinyele

Abstract


Cancer of the prostate is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the
elderly male population. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge of prostate cancer among men in Benin City, Nigeria. This cross
sectional study included 402 men above 40 years. A structured  questionnaire was administered to each respondent to assess knowledge of prostate cancer.The mean age of the respondents was 51±8.2years. Majority (74.6%) of the respondents had tertiary education. Two hundred and eightyeight (71.6%) respondents were aware of prostate cancer. One hundred and twenty men (29.9%) knew that lower urinary tract symptoms are associated with prostate cancer, while 174 (43.3%) men were aware that age is a risk factor in the etiology of the disease. Ninety (22%) respondents were aware of prostate specific antigen (PSA) but only 18 (4.5%) have undergone PSA screening. Level of awareness of prostate cancer and PSA screening was significantly higher in those with tertiary education, (P < 0.0001). The overall mean knowledge of the risk factors, symptoms and treatment of prostate cancer was 3.4±1.2 out of 10.0. An in-depth knowledge regarding the risk factors, symptoms, treatment and screening of the disease is lacking. Further health education is needed.



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