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Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research

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Role of ethanol leaf extracts of Ficus Glumosa on fasting blood glucose and liver function test results of diabetes treated rats

Zayyanu Usman Umar, Mohammed Aliyu, Binti Mohamed Mahaneem

Abstract


This article has been retracted by the Editor-in-Chief due to the findings having been previously published elsewhere without proper cross-referencing, permission or justification (i.e. cases of redundant publication).

In Africa many plants and plant products are used traditionally for the management of diabetes mellitus or its complication. But, science based evidence on some of these products safety need to be established.  We determine the effect of the Ethanol leaves extract of Ficus glumosa on fasting blood glucose level and  liver enzymes of diabetes (DM) treated rats. Thirty Six (36) adult rats weighing (190 – 220) grams of about 8 to 10 weeks of age were used for this study in the month of December, 2014. The animals were  randomly divided into six groups (n= 6/group) and DM was induced using single dose of streptozotocin  65mg/kg intraperitoneal (ip). Group 6 served as the control group receiving normal saline (5ml/kg) alone via intra-peritoneal route (ip), Group 1 (positive control), 2, 3, 4 and 5 were treated with the following for 7 days. Normal saline 5ml/kg, 100mg/kg, 200mg/kg and 400mg/kg of Ficus glumosa ethanol leaves  extract respectively via ip while Group V received insulin 6 iu/kg. Fasting blood sugar levels were  measured at one day intervals for 7 days. Rats were sacrifice for the Serum liver enzymes and liver the  tissue for analysis on the 7 day. The 100mg/kg and  400mg/kg of Ethanol leaf extract of Ficus glumosa significantly lowered fasting blood glucose level and  400mg/kg show elevation in liver enzymes and reveal altered hepatocyte architecture (interphase hepatitis) compared with the control group 6 and lower dosage treatment group (2 and 3). The results of this study reveal that Ficus glumosa possesses hypoglycemic effect and at higher dose of 400mg/kg/day have effect on liver enzymes in diabetes rat.




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