Prediction of Stature of Hausa Ethnic Group Using Hand Length and Breath
AbstractBackground: Stature can be estimated using certain anthropometric measures. This may be due to the inaccessibility to the height measuring tool at the time of need. Hand dimensions on the other hand can be easily measured using ordinary transparent graded ruler, sliding or Vernier caliper. This study is aimed at getting a simple equation that will be utilized for the
estimation of stature of the Hausa ethnic group using only hand length and hand breadth.
Methodology: Each subject has been studied for the measurement of the height (Stature, S), Hand Length (HL), and the Hand Breadth (HB) using the Vernier Caliper and anthropometer. The data was recorded and analyzed using MINITAB software version 12.21 and for formulating the regression equation. Microsoft Word 2007 was used for tables.
The regression equation is: Stature (HT) in cm = 168 + 0.5HL - 1.2HB
Results: Six hundred and twelve (612) Hausa students aged 18 45 years with a mean age of 25 years ± 0.55 at Bayero University Kano were selected using simple random sampling technique. The subjects consist of 451 males and 161 females. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) of the data was carried out to find out whether there is any statistically significant difference. The males have higher values than females in one of the
three dimensions measured. The stature mean value is 169.3cm ± SD in males and 165.2cm ± SD in females. The mean value for the hand length is 18.5cm ± SD for both males and females. The mean value for the hand breadth is 7.5cm ± SD also for both males and females.
Conclusion: This equation will be helpful in approximation of stature where there is difficulty in getting direct measurement or where there is a hand print of a criminal or an amputated hand of criminal, in the field of war, in a mass accidents or massive death due to disaster.