Onychomycosis: Etiology, diagnosis, and treatment

  • AC Ngwogu
  • IEK Mba
  • KO Ngwogu
Keywords: Diagnosis, Etiology, Onychomycosis, Treatment


Background: Onychomycosis, although a common problem in all age groups, is often misdiagnosed and consequently under-treated. There is need for improved awareness and proper laboratory diagnosis to ensure effective therapy.

Objective: To review the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of onychomycosis.

Design: Data sources from internet searches on AJOL and Pubmed   conducted using the keywords “onychomycosis,” fungal nail infections. 

Setting: Abia State University Teaching Hospital (ABSUTH), Aba, in South Eastern Nigeria. Subjects: A total of 38 articles and laboratory manuals.

Materials and Methods: A total of 38 articles including laboratory manuals, published between 1974 and 2009, were selected and reviewed. Results: Onychomycosis is gradually increasing in the general population. The etiological agents differ from person to person and from place to place.

Conclusion: There is need for proper laboratory diagnosis prior to  institution of therapy. Effective therapy is with the use of systemic drugs with or without topical agents.

Key words: Diagnosis, Etiology, Onychomycosis, Treatment


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2787-0170
print ISSN: 2787-0162