Analysis of bushmeat collection and trade in Epe, Ikorodu and Oyingbo (Lagos State)
Bushmeat hunting and trade in Epe, Ikorodu and Oyingbo in Lagos State were investigated. Data were obtained by interview method using questionnaire administered separately to hunters in Epe and Ikorodu and traders in Epe, Ikorodu and Oyingbo. The hunters were all men, mostly young adults between age 21 and 40 years old hunted mainly for consumption. Similar pattern of hunting was observed in both Epe and Ikorodu with mammals constituting the highest population of hunted animals. Daily offtake of animals from the hunting site was between 1–10 animals with rodents being the highest. Hunting was significantly affected by season (P<0.001) with the highest number of catch in the dry season. The quantities of bushmeat purchased by traders were not significantly different (P>0.05) in the various markets. Bushmeat prices from hunters ranged from ₦1000 to ₦20,000. Bushmeat traders were older adults of 41-60 years (52%) of which 78.3% were women. About 63.3% (38) of traders sold only mammals while 36.7% (22) sold all types including mammals, reptiles and birds. Significant differences (P<0.05) were observed in the trader’s average bushmeat purchase price as well as the average sales price. Highest selling price of bushmeat was recorded in Ikorodu while the lowest selling price was recorded in Oyingbo. Highest profit was reported by traders selling mammalian species of bushmeat. Sales was significantly affected by seasons (P<0.001), with the highest sales during the rainy season. Measures that would ensure sustainable utilization of bushmeat species should be established. Furthermore, the participation of the indigenous communities, hunters and traders should be harnessed for the success of this objective.
Keywords: Bushmeat, mammals, rodents, sustainable, indigenous