Water resources and sub-Sahara African economy: anthropogenic climate change, wastewater, and sustainable development in Nigeria
Most African agriculturists rely on freshwater sources that have recently become scarce. This study focuses on the use as wastewater, especially for agricultural development in Nigeria. In view of the country's dwindling economy; escalating herders-farmers' conflict over resources, water security perspective contributes to our understanding of the roles that water resource management can play . This study argues that with Africa's increasing population in this climate change era vis-a-vis the precarious situation of African economies, attainment of most Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030 is unrealistic. The study submits that there is the need for a paradigm shift in waste water perception in sub-Sahara Africa as this would reduce pressure on freshwater and fast-track sustainable development through an increase in agricultural production – the mainstay of most economies in the continent.
Keywords: Agriculture, climate change, food security, water resources, waste water, Nigeria