Climate Change-Induced Migration:

Pre-Conditions Determining Out-Migration in Semi-Arid Areas of Shinyanga, Tanzania

  • Magreth S. Bushesha The Open University of Tanzania
Keywords: Climate change; migration; resources; human capital; land and agriculture


This paper examines processes that make migration possible among climate change affected communities in Shinyanga Rural District of Shinyanga region, Tanzania. Questionnaires and in-depth interviews were used to gather data. Whereas qualitative data was analyzed thematically, numerical data was analyzed descriptively. Findings show that short term migration, plays an important role in soliciting resources necessary for permanent migration. Further, climate change-induced migration in the study area involves the realization that the eco-system is no longer livelihood supportive.  The migration process also involves identification of opportunities in destination prior to moving out from the original home. Finally, migrants need to solicit resources to cater for en route costs and for investing in destination. The study concludes that climate change impacts ignite the desire to migrate. However, for migration to happen there are multiple facets that need to be addressed. The study recommends improved access to information about opportunities available elsewhere for people in climate change affected areas.


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2070-1748
print ISSN: 2070-1748