Screening of Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Workers of a Construction Company in a Developing Country, Senegal
Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in workplace and the global risk among workers of a Construction Company in a developing country.
Methods: It was a retrospective and descriptive survey over two years in a construction company in Dakar, Senegal.
Results: We collected 64 workers with a male predominance. The average age of workers was 44.9 years. Evaluation and analysis of cardiovascular risk reflected four levels: low in 78.12%, moderate in 15.62%, high in 4.69% and very high in 1.57%. Sedentary was strongly associated with moderate or high cardiovascular risk. Metabolic syndrome was strongly associated with moderate or elevated cardiovascular risk.
Conclusion: Our study reveals a high prevalence of cardiovascularrisk factors in Senegalese workers. It would be important to include a screening program and correct assessment of overall cardiovascular risk in this population.
Keys-words: Cardiovascular risk factor; Cardiovascular disease; Prevention; Workplace; Construction company