Prevalence of Eye Diseases among Learners in Kafue District, Zambia

  • Kangwa I. M. Muma
  • Mutale Nyaywa
  • Godfrey Mwelwa
  • Anne Buglass
  • Chileshe Mboni


Objective: To determine the pattern and magnitude of eye diseases among the primary and secondary schools' learners in Kafue District in Zambia.
Method: A cross-sectional survey of all 73 primary and secondary schools in Kafue.
Results: A total of 18,713 enrolled in the study. The prevalence of eye diseases was 20.9% accounting for 17.0% allergic conjunctivitis followed by refractive 3.3%, and least was retinal disorder at 0.01%. Urban dwellers were affected more than their rural counterparts.
Conclusion: The survey found a high prevalence of eye diseases among the  learners in Kafue District with allergic conjunctivitis being the most prevalent cause followed by significant refractive errors.


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eISSN: 0047-651X
print ISSN: 0047-651X