Malawi Medical Journal

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Maternal health and human rights

YE Ratsma, J Malongo


In Malawi the maternal mortality ratio is extremely high. Since almost all maternal deaths are avoidable, maternal mortality is also an issue of human rights. This paper examines the root causes of high maternal mortality in Malawi and applies a human rights-based approach to the reduction of maternal mortality. It recommends roles for the various duty-bearers.
It describes indicators to monitor and evaluate the strategy and suggests how transparency and accountability should be ensured. In conclusion, full and effective implementation of the strategy is indispensable for achieving the fifth Millennium Development Goal that calls for the reduction of maternal mortality.
AJOL African Journals Online