Microbiological Assessment of Bacterial Isolates from Ear, Nose And Throat (ENT) Among Patients Attending Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital
Samples from patients who reported to in-patient ENT unit of Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano were isolated for further microbiological assessment. One hundred (100) from both male and female patients comprising 55 ear swabs, 30 and 15 throat and nose swabs respectively were screened between February and April 2014 and the samples were analysed using culture technique, direct microscopy and identification of bacteria (using API 20E strip). Finding from the study identified eight genera of bacteria i.e. Escherichia coli, Haemophilus streptococcus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Proteus vulgaris, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae. Staphylococcus aureus recorded the highest rates (24.17%) which was isolated in ear, nose and throat swabs, while P. aeruginosa has (19.78%) isolated in only ear swabs. The numbers of microorganisms isolated are as follows: 52 (ear), 14 (nose) and 25 (throat).
Keywords: Prevalence, Bacteria, Ear, Nose and Throat, Isolates