Monetering of Infectious Diseases in Katsina and Daura Zones of Katsina State: A Clustering Analysis

  • U Dauda
  • SU Gulumbe
  • M Yakubu
  • LK Ibrahim
Keywords: Cluster analysis, Infectious diseases, Malaria, Cholera and Typhoid

Abstract

In this paper, data of infectious diseases were collected from the two senatorial zones of Katsina state, and analyzed using cluster analysis, a multivariate technique. This necessitated a partition of the set of diseases into groups such that the diseases with similar degree of prevalence were identified. The result of the cluster formation shows that Malaria is more prevalent in all of the two zones, followed by Cholera and Typhoid fever using the Single Linkage and Centroid methods. The Complete Linkage and Ward methods showed that Malaria is the most prevalent followed by Typhoid fever and Cholera in Katsina zone, while in Daura zone Typhoid fever is more prevalent followed by Malaria and Cholera. The number of clusters tends to vary from one zone to another. This is achieved by using Chi-square test for independence. The study concludes that the use of clustering methods provides a suitable tool for assessing the level of infections of the disease.
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print ISSN: 0794-5698